APDU Workshop Series: Validating Decennial Census Data

Virtual Workshop

Town Halls: April 14 and May 12, 2021

Trainings: June 16, August 18, and September 15, 2021

Office Hours: Biweekly beginning June 9, 2021

Price: Free

Register Here

State and local government employees rely on accurate decennial census data for a variety of purposes: education, housing, economic development, public health, and more. However, significant changes at the Census Bureau including new privacy measures have the potential to make local data less accurate. These changes can be hard to parse for those not closely following Census Bureau activities.

Register today for this series of town hall events and trainings over the next six months to learn more about what these changes mean for the quality of the data that state and local governments rely on, and how to validate whether the data you’re getting from the decennial census is fit for use.

Town Hall #1: April 14, 2021 (3:00 – 4:00 PM ET)
2020 Census was “Different” – A Rundown of Issues

Facilitators:

  • Amy O’Hara, Research Professor, Massive Data Institute, Georgetown University
  • danah boyd, Principal Investigator, Microsoft Research & Founder, Data & Society

With the COVID-19 pandemic, political interference, and disclosure avoidance concerns, this census was deeply impacted. Amy and danah will discuss what happened with the census, where we are now, what researchers are hearing from the Census Bureau, the updated timeline, and what the Census Bureau can still fix.

Town Hall #2: May 12, 2021 (3:00 – 4:30 PM ET)
Solving Data “Differences” – Assessing the Use Cases

In this town hall, we will solicit your concerns and questions about upcoming census products – specifically about urban/rural, housing, workforce, health, and justice use cases. We will discuss data sources and methods for these different use cases. Since 2020 census products are delayed, we will discuss alternative data sources that may support population measurement.

Training #1: June 16, 2021 (1:00 – 3:30 PM ET)
Addressing the Census – Why Address Data is Crucial and How to Use It

In the first of a series of trainings focused on preparing data users to use the 2020 census data, we will begin by familiarizing the group with types of address data to lead to a high-quality census enumeration, help to validate the census publications that come out, and potentially how to mount a Count Question Resolution challenge. In this session, we will review coverage and classification issues, how to evaluate data sources and tools to assess your data.

Training #2: August 18, 2021 (1:00 – 3:30 PM ET)
Age Bins – Where to Find More Data

In our second training, we will discuss the importance of obtaining accurate data on different age categories. The Census Bureau has released demonstration data on their disclosure avoidance system; however, age bins have not been a component. Accurate age bins are critical for urban planning, public health, social research, and funding, and we know that the census has traditionally undercounted very young children and overcounted the elderly. We will discuss how possible imprecision in published census results may affect the age distribution and consider how age bins can be smoothed. We will also explore other datasets that can be used to understand key population subgroups.

Training #3: September 15, 2021 (1:00 – 3:30 PM ET)
Beyond COVID – Identifying Public Health Data to Prevent Disaster

Whether it’s a global pandemic or an overdose crisis in your community, we want to empower you with the tools and resources to identify patterns and be prepared to respond. This training will go over the new administration’s Executive Order, which datasets can drive insights around health, highlighting differences between statistical and tactical data. We will also discuss measuring migration and service utilization. With these tools, we are hoping to prepare our attendees to identify the best data and methods to deal with future public health crises or natural disasters.

Data Is vs. Data Are: Settling the Debate

By Bernie Langer, APDU Board Member

There are many debates in the world of public data. Privacy vs. accuracy. Survey data vs. administrative data. CSV vs. XLS. But if you really want to see data nerds fight, ask them whether they say “data is” or “data are”. Is the word “data” singular or plural?

“Good data is important to good decision-making” or “Good data are important to good decision-making”?

This came up on Twitter recently, when NPR reporter/Census superfan Hansi Lo Wang tweeted: “…The 2020 census redistricting data, needed to redraw voting maps, is now expected by Sept. 30…” In his next tweet, he wrote: “(Sorry for 1st tweet’s typo: *data are)”.

It may seem trivial, but it’s important, and not for the reason you expect.

The argument for “data are” is thus: “Data” is derived from the Latin word datum, meaning, “that which is given.” In Latin, datum is a singular neuter noun. My high school Latin teacher made sure I never forget The Neuter Law: all neuter nouns (in the nominative and accusative cases) always end in -a. Therefor, the plural form of datum is data. Data is plural. Quod erat demonstrandum.

Furthermore, we know data to be a collection of individual values (observations, survey responses, etc.). A census never has only one respondent (unless it’s a very sad census). The concept is inherently plural.

The argument for “data is” is simple: “Data are” sounds ridiculous.

Okay, there are some more nuanced arguments for “data is.” We’re speaking English, not Latin. Language evolves. “Data” in common usage is an uncountable noun, like “water.” The ocean is full of water, but no one says, “Water are wet.”

But that’s secondary. What’s more important is: “Data are” sounds ridiculous.

As data professionals, we need to communicate with the rest of the world in a clear and accessible way. We want others to embrace the power of data, knowing that data can be useful to them. No one needs to be special to use data.

Insisting on treating data as a plural noun can be alienating. (Pro tip: Correcting someone’s grammar in any circumstance is alienating.) We don’t want anyone to think they’re not good enough to use data. Even if it’s not off-putting, it’s distracting. The general public doesn’t expect to hear “data are,” and when they do hear it, they’ll momentarily dwell on it, and not the substance of what was left in your sentence.

Of course, this isn’t just about grammar and the word “data.” It’s about not gatekeeping, and communicating complex (but understandable) concepts to the public on their terms. When non-experts understand data, data professionals become more valuable, not less.

And if your conscience cannot permit you to use data in a singular form (old habits die hard), then at the very least, when someone else does, bite your tongue.

A common refrain is “The plural of anecdote is not data.” Let’s reinforce that by not using data as a plural.

This blog post represents the views of its author and does not represent the view of APDU or the Board of Directors.

2021 APDU Conference Call for Proposals

Public Data: Making Sense of the New Normal

APDU is welcoming proposals on “making sense of the new normal” using public data. With economic, public health, and governance challenges arising from COVID-19 and political polarization, trustworthy public data is vital to open and honest policy debates. APDU is interested in proposals regarding:

  • Novel uses of public data to understand the shifting American landscape;
  • Ways that researchers and advocates are ensuring that public data is accurate and equitable;
  • How public data can help restore trust in institutions;
  • How to rebuild trust in public data; or
  • Other related and relevant topics.

Proposals can be for a single presentation or panel, whether based on a particular project, data practice, or formal paper. You may submit ideas for a single presentation or a full panel (three presenters, plus a moderator). However, it is possible that we will accept portions of panel submissions to combine with other presenters. Submissions will be evaluated on the quality of work, relevance to APDU Conference attendees, uniqueness of topic and presenter, and thematic fit.

Proposal Deadline: March 19, 2021.

Please submit your proposal using the Survey Monkey collection window below.  Proposals will need to be submitted by members of APDU, and all presenters in a panel must register for the conference (full conference registration comes with a free APDU membership).  Proposers will be notified of our decision by mid-April.

About APDU

The Association of Public Data Users (APDU) is a national network that links users, producers, and disseminators of government statistical data. APDU members share a vital concern about the collection, dissemination, preservation, and interpretation of public data.  The conference will be held virtually on July 26-29, 2021, and brings together data users and data producers for conversations and presentations on a wide variety of data and statistical topics.

Create your own user feedback survey

2021 APDU President’s Message

Dear APDU members,

Happy New Year and thank you for either renewing or joining the Association of Public Data Users (APDU). I am honored to serve as the 2021 APDU President, and I look forward to working with you this year.

I am sure many of you are happy to turn the page on 2020 and are looking forward to more positive developments in 2021. There are many reasons to be hopeful; however, the pandemic continues to cast a cloud of uncertainty, which is forcing organizations, including APDU, to plan accordingly. As a result, our annual meeting will be held virtually again later this summer. Fortunately, the success of the 2020 meeting portends a repeat performance! I urge you to stay tuned as details emerge in the coming months and to plan to attend the 2021 APDU annual meeting.

While working to ensure a high quality, well attended annual meeting is always the APDU President’s top priority, I have other goals that I hope the APDU staff and board, with support from its members, can achieve this year. These goals include:

  • Increasing APDU membership – I will be forming a working group comprised primarily of APDU board members to develop strategies for boosting APDU membership– particularly among data users outside of the DC metropolitan area. We may be contacting APDU members to help inform the working group’s deliberations.
  • Enhancing Training – Throughout 2021, the APDU board and staff will be identifying opportunities to offer expanded training and networking opportunities for our members outside of those offered in conjunction with the annual meeting. We hope to host in-person events later in the year when it is safe for us to gather once again.
  • Improving communication  I want to continue to build upon the progress that has been made in recent years to enhance the APDU newsletter and to improve the organization’s website. I am also going to be asking the APDU board members to post at least one blog during the year on a topic they choose and encouraging APDU members to consider serving as “guest bloggers” on issues of interest to them, too.

Once again, thank you for being an APDU member! Please feel free to contact the APDU staff or any board members if you have ideas, concerns, or need assistance. We want to ensure APDU is serving the needs of its members and the broader public data user community.

Warm regards,

Mary Jo Hoeksema

 

2020 APDU Candidate Statements

Candidate for President: Mary Jo Hoeksema

Since January 2004, Mary Jo Hoeksema has been the Director of Government Affairs for the Population Association of America and Association of Population Centers. In addition to representing PAA and APC, Ms. Hoeksema has co-directed The Census Project since 2008.  Prior to her position with PAA/APC, Ms. Hoeksema worked at the National Institutes of Health for approximately 10 years, as the Legislative Officer at the National Institute on Aging and as the Special Assistant to the Director of the NIH Office of Policy of Extramural Research Administration.  Ms. Hoeksema served as a Legislative Assistant for Congresswoman Rosa DeLauro and Legislative Correspondent for U.S. Senator Jeff Bingaman.  Ms. Hoeksema moved to Washington, DC from her home state of New Mexico to work at the Council for a Livable World as a 1990 Scoville Fellow.

Ms. Hoeksema has a Master of Public Administration from the George Washington University and is a former Presidential Management Fellow. She also has a bachelor’s degree in political science and history from the University of New Mexico.

Candidate Statement

I was introduced to APDU shortly after arriving at the Population Association of America (PAA). I was immediately drawn to the organization given its mission and the fellowship that I found with its members. I discovered that the annual meeting was a unique opportunity to meet data users outside of academia–especially those from federal, state, and local governments–and learn firsthand what issues were affecting their access to timely and accurate data.

I have served on the APDU board, as a member and previously as Vice President, for approximately four years. During this time, I’ve been involved in several initiatives, including revising the organization’s strategic plan, advising APDU’s advocacy agenda, and co-chairing the annual meeting. These experiences, combined with my frequent interactions with APDU members, has given me insight into the organization’s strengths and challenges. If elected president, I would build upon the work APDU has initiated to:

  • Increase APDU’s membership, particularly among young professionals entering the field;
  • Enhance the organization’s visibility inside and outside of the data user community;
  • Improve APDU’s education and training opportunities;
  • Strengthen communication with APUD members; and,
  • Seek opportunities to collaborate with similar organizations to advance the interests of the diverse data users APDU represents.

If elected president I will always be open to hearing ideas and discussing issues with members.

Candidate for Vice President: Amy O’Hara, Research Professor, Georgetown University

Amy O’Hara is a Research Professor in the Massive Data Institute and Executive Director of the Federal Statistical Research Data Center at the McCourt School for Public Policy. She also leads the Administrative Data Research Initiative, improving secure, responsible data access for research and evaluation. Her research focuses on population measurement, data quality, and record linkage. O’Hara has published on topics including the measurement of income, longitudinal linkages to measure economic mobility, and the data infrastructure necessary to support government and academic research.

Prior to joining Georgetown, O’Hara was a senior executive at the U.S. Census Bureau where she founded their administrative data curation and research unit. She received her Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Notre Dame.

Candidate Statement

Last year, I wanted to serve on the APDU board to improve data access and quality for members, researchers, and program administrators. This year has revealed the cracks in our measurement infrastructure and the dire need to explain and inform our decision makers.  2020 has been rough on everyone, but especially on institutions like CDC and the Census Bureau.  The impact of the pandemic continues to evolve in state and local governments, who face rising infection rates, battered economies, volatile budgets, and a great deal of uncertainty.  Data will not solve these problems, but none of these problems can be solved without data.

APDU can, and must, foster coordination between federal, state, and local data producers and data users.  For ADPU, I will work towards establishing standards and norms for secure and responsible data use.  Our community needs to incorporate broader views of where data comes from and what it is needed for; emphasize data utility when designing privacy protections; and increase social license.

Candidate At-Large Director: Bernie Langer, Senior Data Analyst, Center for Court Innovation

Bernie Langer’s expertise in public data comes from his previous work at PolicyMap. Mr. Langer has a deep and broad knowledge about federal statistical agencies and private data providers, as well as experience working with data and data users to solve problems. He worked with data from the Census Bureau, BLS, IRS, SSA, HUD, USDA, FDIC, FBI, FCC, FEMA, DOT, NCES, EPA, SBA, and CDC, just to name a few. Mr. Langer also led PolicyMap’s “Mapchats” webinar series, a forum for data providers and users to discuss their work.

Mr. Langer’s current work at the Center for Court Innovation deals with a very different type of data, regarding New York City’s criminal justice system. In his role as a senior data analyst, Mr. Langer works with the organization’s Supervised Release Program, a pre-trial alternative to bail.

Candidate Statement

I am excited to continue serving on the APDU Board of Directors. In my last term, I served on the conference committee, which put together APDU’s first ever virtual conference. The conference was a success, virtually bringing together people working in data from across the country at a crucial point during the 2020 Census and Covid crisis.

I find APDU’s conferences, webinars, and newsletters invaluable. As a board member, I would continue my commitment to maintaining the high quality of APDU’s services and events, finding additional ways for data providers and users to interact, and raising the profile of public data in society.

Candidate for At-Large Director: Michelle Riordan-Nold, Executive Director, Connecticut Data Collaborative

Michelle Riordan-Nold has served as Executive Director of the Connecticut Data Collaborative (CTData) since 2014. In her current role, Ms. Riordan-Nold leads CTData, whose mission seeks to democratize access to public data and build data literacy skills to increase data informed decision making in Connecticut. CTData is also the designated Census State Data Center for Connecticut. In addition, the organization holds monthly public data literacy workshops; creates maps and other visualization tools for community organizations to access and use data; and is building an integrated data system in Hartford. In 2020, the organization was the winner of the CT Entrepreneurial Award in Education.

Prior to leading CTData, Ms. Riordan-Nold worked as a research analyst for the CT Economic Resource Center and before that for the Connecticut Legislature in the Program Review and Investigations Committee. Ms. Riordan-Nold has a Bachelor degree in Mathematics from Boston College and a Masters in Public Policy from the University of Chicago.

Candidate Statement

I have been both an attendee and a presenter at the APDU conferences for the past five years. It is great to be a part of a community that is working on improving public access to data and sharing new ways to access and improve its use. I am always amazed at the initiatives happening at the federal level and leave each conference with new ideas and data to share with the community of data users we serve in Connecticut.

If elected, I would be interested in finding ways to increase the membership to include more state level data users. Federal data is critical to much of the work at the state level and I see an opportunity for sharing and increasing the knowledge of both state and federal data users to help improve the work at all levels of government.

I also see an important role of the APDU in staying connected and informed about the evolving Disclosure Avoidance Policy implementation. I believe this should be at the forefront of all data discussions and was encouraged by the attention it received during this year’s conference. The APDU plays an important role in guiding the data user community on how to use the data but can also advocate to make sure the data is provided in such a way that it can be used for informed decision making at all levels of government. I would encourage the APDU to take a more active role in advocating for transparency around the implementation.

If elected, I hope to provide a state level perspective and contribute to the growth of the organization by helping to broaden the membership to include a more diverse group of data users.

Candidate for At-Large Director: Daniel Quigg, CEO, Public Insight Corporation

Dan Quigg is a serial entrepreneur focusing primarily on software analytics. Dan has served as CEO of Public Insight Data Corporation (Public Insight) since 2012, a business intelligence company that transforms public data into actionable insights with solutions in career and workforce development, staffing and recruiting, and higher education benchmarking. Public Insight leverages industry and government data in its self-service business intelligence applications such as Insight for Work and Insight for Higher Education.

Over his career of over thirty years Dan has founded or led eight early stage businesses. Dan is an Ernst & Young Entrepreneur of the Year finalist and winner of the Smart Business Rising Star Award. He successfully sold three businesses, two to public technology firms where he took a senior executive position. He has also served on the adjunct entrepreneurship faculty of Kent State University and has served on multiple corporate boards. Dan has also served as an advisor for micro-economic development in developing countries, primarily Rwanda and Peru. He currently is on the National Council of the Valparaiso University College of Business.

Dan received his B.S. from Valparaiso University in 1981 and his CPA in 1983.  He received his MBA from Case Western Reserve University Weatherhead School of Management in May 2007.  Dan was the inaugural winner of the Weatherhead Executive MBA Leadership Award as nominated by his peers.

Candidate Statement

I have always had a passion for data and am a self-described “data junkie”. I founded Public Insight in 2012 because I saw an asset in public data that was dramatically underutilized. Public Insight was built around that very concept.

I have been involved with APDU since starting Public Insight. I and my company have benefitted greatly from the research, webinars, and conferences. However, I feel that there is a large, untapped audience in the private sector that utilize public data and are not being reached by APDU. I see it every day. Should you decide to accept my candidacy into APDU, I would advocate for outreach to the private sector. Given my startup experience, I can add a lot of value in how to reach and extend APDU’s reach into the private sector.

I would advocate for more online education and training to the private sector. In the labor market particularly, there is a hunger for more information due to pandemic-induced volatility. I see courses like what is currently being offered through the Labor Market Institute (LMI) as a vehicle to reach a broader audience with minimal investment and risk.

My impressions of APDU suggest it is moving more and more to policy and advocacy. My interest is not in these areas nor do I add any value. I am a user of public data and want to see its value disseminated. This is where I can add value and where the mission is aligned with Public Insight.

Candidate for At-Large Director: Lori Turk-Bicakci, Ph.D., Director, Lucile Packard Foundation for Children’s Health

Lori Turk-Bicakci, Ph.D., is Director for Kidsdata, a program of the Lucile Packard Foundation for Children’s Health. She promotes data-based decision making and action to improve children’s health and well-being, and she contributes to the quality, relevance, and utility of the data and content on kidsdata.org.  She oversees the process of collecting, preparing, and releasing data from more than 35 federal and state data sources. Before joining the Foundation, Dr. Turk-Bicakci was a senior researcher at American Institutes for Research. She has extensive experience with data collection, analysis, and reporting for education, social services, and other research projects that support children’s long-term health and development. Prior to her work in research, Dr. Turk-Bicakci was a middle school social studies teacher.

Special Topics & Emerging Issues in Public Data: Advanced Techniques to Increase Data Availability & Maintain Privacy

Big data has created complex new challenges to data privacy. One advantage of administrative big data is the enhanced feasibility of large scale record linkage. How can we make more data available to inform decision making without creating “Big Brother”? How can we inform this needed revolution in privacy protection without cutting back access to data?

In this webinar, Cavan Capps and Micah Altman will review their comprehensive analysis of an ACS use case that can be used to inform key decisions on how to protect data privacy while leveraging the latest data technologies. The results suggest that a multi-tiered access system to the data may be warranted in the future, potentially including traditional tabulations and regressions protected by Differential Privacy or variants of Secure Multi-party Computing (SMC) in software or in hardware using SGX, among other options. The webinar will  discuss some of the strengths and weaknesses of the tools mentioned above and propose how such an infrastructure might be constructed.

Finally, the webinar will provide an update on our work continuing work to examine the practical use of SGX-SMC and software based SMC for data collection and integrating shared confidential data from different sources. This enables data sharing while maintaining individual privacy of individual during any analysis. Differential privacy will be used to ensure that any outputs remain confidential.

Presenters:
Micah Altman, Head Research Scientist, MIT Libraries
Cavan Capps, Big Data Lead, U.S. Census Bureau

Fundamentals of Data Science and Visualization

Virtual Training

November 9 – 19, 2020

Classes: Nov 9, 10, 16, 17, 19 from 2:00-4:00 pm Eastern

Office Hours: Nov 9, 10, 16, 17, 19 from 4:00-5:00 pm Eastern

DOWNLOAD AGENDA

PDF Registration                                                          Online Registration

Data analysts can use a variety of methods and tools to accomplish their goals. With a deeper understanding of data visualization software packages, your organization can produce more intuitive data visualizations in less time and identify the best software solutions to optimize your team’s workflows.

In this course, we will review best practices in data visualization design and use cases for Excel, Tableau, and R (programming language).

Learn how to clean and format data in Excel, create interactive dashboards in Tableau, and clean and visualize data in R. This course will help participants identify use-cases for each software package that maximize impact with minimal effort, expanding participants’ toolbox as an analyst.

Join us to learn about how your organization can better leverage data visualization software!

Meet Your Instructor:

Lee Winkler joined the Center for Regional Economic Competitiveness (CREC) in 2018 after graduating with a Master’s in Public Policy from the George Washington University. He currently supports projects analyzing state-level certification and license attainment and the prevalence of educational and workforce credentials. Lee regularly uses Tableau to clean data, mine insights and create interactive visualizations and is excited to help the class find how Tableau can add value to their workflow.

Registration:
APDU Members: $390
Non-Members: $715

Looking Back on the 2020 APDU Annual Conference

 

With the 2020 APDU Annual Conference in the rearview mirror, now is a good time to reflect on the week and look ahead to what’s next.

This year’s conference, as so many things in 2020, was disrupted but not diminished. While we didn’t have the opportunity to meet with each other in person, the virtual format enabled some of our friends from around the country to participate who might not have been able to otherwise.

Speakers like danah boyd of Microsoft Research and Data & Society Research Institute (excerpted above) brought a unique perspective to the conference, challenging our thinking about from issues ranging from how we approach issues of privacy and accuracy to the impacts misinformation and data voids can have on our understanding of data quality and reliability.

Federal agency leaders such as Deborah Stempowski, Brian Moyer, Bill Beach, and Mary Bohman provided insider insights into their organizations.

Speakers from universities and research organizations across the country covered hot topics such as data on COVID-19, evictions, policing, and more.

Speakers from the Census Bureau, universities, and nonprofits discussed how the Disclosure Avoidance System will affect the quality of Census data.

Attendees met with APDU board members in a series of town hall conversations on a variety of topics – offering a promising way for APDU members to connect with one another.

This year’s conference was a success for a variety of reasons – but the biggest reason was the engagement of our attendees and speakers. Stay tuned for continued quality programming in Fall 2020!

APDU Statement on Concerns Regarding the Census Field Operations Timeline

A statement from the APDU Board of Directors.

The 2020 Census will determine Congressional representation, and the data will form the foundation for the next decade of federal statistics. These data will provide guidance to the federal government on where to provide needed resources, and information to local governments on who lives in their states, cities, and towns.

Federal statistics also provide guidance to businesses on where their products and services are needed by consumers. Decisions on the spending of billions of dollars—public and private—will be made based on the next decade of federal statistics.

The 2020 Census forms the backbone of the next decade of federal statistics. It’s too important to rush.

The COVID-19 pandemic has created an unprecedented situation the Census Bureau has never had to deal with before. The national self-response rate is just above 60%; two out of five people in this country have yet to be counted. This is significantly below expected benchmarks. Despite the ongoing pandemic, census workers are beginning the process of going door to door to count everyone who hasn’t yet responded. This large-scale effort was slated to begin months ago, but was delayed by the pandemic.

Because of these circumstances, it’s necessary to extend the deadline for the Census Bureau to deliver its results. Census experts strongly believe that the Census Bureau needs extra time to conduct a complete and accurate count, as the Constitution requires.

This is a non-partisan issue that threatens businesses and governments in every part of the country. The Association of Public Data Users calls on Congress to extend the deadline for the 2020 Census to a timeframe that allows for a complete and accurate count.

APDU Response to Memorandum on the Apportionment Base Following the 2020 Census

A statement from the APDU Board of Directors.

On July 21, 2020 the Trump Administration issued a memorandum on apportionment counts from the 2020 Census suggesting that unauthorized migrants would be excluded from the counts.

At a time when the decennial census is already beset by unprecedented challenges, this new disruption further threatens the accuracy of the 2020 Census count. Regardless of whether or not the memorandum withstands legal challenges, its messaging will likely reduce census participation among all residents of the United States, undercounting not only unauthorized migrants but also citizens and authorized migrants who live in mixed-status households.

A complete and accurate census of all residents of the United States is critical for the proper functioning of federal, state, and local government agencies as well as businesses and organizations that rely on federal statistics to operate effectively. America needs a full count of all individuals in the United States because all people use our roads and mass transit, drink our clean water, use our electricity, require access to emergency services, and buy goods and services from our businesses. Without a full count, we cannot accurately allocate public or private investments to ensure a full functioning economy or adequate public services are available.

We urge the Administration to immediately retract this memorandum before it has an opportunity to influence the public’s willingness to respond to the decennial census operations now underway across the country.